History of Six Gap North Georgia
The Double loop of this scenic destination has seen a lot of history.
At the center is Blood Mountain. With an elevation of 4,458 feet it is the highest mountain on the Georgia section of the Appalachian Trail. The origin of the name has several stories. One contends that there was a long, bloody battle between the Cherokee and Creek Indians when the mountain turned red with blood. There were a number of conflicts between the two tribes so it is hard to determine which attributed to the naming of Blood Mountain.
At Neels Gap (formerly Frogtown Gap), near Blood Mountain, the Appalachian Trail crosses US 129 and passes right through a breezeway of the log cabin store. It is the only place the Appalachian Trail passes through a man-made structure.
The earliest civilization in the north Georgia area were the Moundbuilders dating from 950 AD. As their population declined in the 1300s, the Cherokee tribes began to increase in population. By 1700 the Cherokee population is estimated at between 30,000 and 50,000 members. As settlers moved into the territory the native population was severely affected by epidemics. By 1830 when the Trail of Tears began relocating the Cherokee to Oklahoma their population was estimated at 20,000.
A large Indian mound can be seen a few miles east of Helen at the GA 75/GA 17 intersection. The Nacoochee site dates to the early 1500s.
The Unicoi Turnpike, originally the Cherokee Trading Path which many simply referred to it as “the old trading path”, was the primary route for settlers and traders heading into what is today east Tennessee. From present day Knoxville it ran south through Vonore, Tellico Plains, crossed into North Carolina, through Murphy, along the Hiawassee River to Unicoi Gap in north Georgia, along Spoilcane Creek (GA 75), and through Helen to Nacoochee.
The road, built by James Wyly, was completed in 1819. Many sections can no longer be found.
In the early 1900s the Federal Government began acquiring lands across northern Georgia. In 1936 the Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest was formed. The natural resources featured in these 867,000 acres stretches across 26 counties.
Brasstown Bald is the highest point in Georgia at 4,784 feet. It is located on the northern loop of Six Gap. Cherokee legend says this high ground was the refuge of Cherokee survivors after a big flood.
Trahlyta of Cherokee legend is said to have lived in the north Georgia mountains. The princess would drink from a nearby “fountain of youth” to maintain her renowned beauty. A warrior named Wahsega courted her, but she rejected him. The angered warrior kidnapped and imprisoned Trahlyta in some unknown location. She longed to see her home again, but her captor would not relent. Her dying wish was to be buried in the mountain forests of her birth. The historical marker at Stonepile, her supposed resting place, reads, “custom arose among the Indians and later the Whites to drop stones, one for each passerby, on her grave for good fortune.” Today there is a pile of stones some six feet high.
Trahlyta’s “fountain of youth” is now known as Porter Springs. Her final resting place is at Stonepile Gap.
The mountains of north Georgia have been known for many centuries as “gold country”. Between 1830 and 1849 the area was flooded with miners looking to strike it rich. When word of the California Gold Rush hit the news the miners picked-up stakes and headed west. From 1838 to 1861 the U.S. Government operated a mint in Dahlonega, Georgia. Center of the action was Auraria south of Dahlonega. Once a bustling business center with 5 hotels, 20 saloons and a newspaper, today Auraria is a crossroads ghost town.
Built in 2006 the Copperhead Lodge originally catered primarily to motorcycle travelers. Suffering financial difficulties, the property was auctioned in October 2009. It has reopened as a resort for all travelers. Accommodations include lodge rooms and cabins. The 12,500 square-foot rustic lodge features restaurant, bar, Grand Hall, deck, pool, amphitheater and souvenir shop. Also offered at the Copperhead are guided tours by the Biker Barn on the 133-mile long Gauntlet; mountain roads with an attitude. The full day Gauntlet tour includes part of the Six Gap run.
Two Wheels of Suches
Two Wheels Only (TWO), a motorcycle campground and diner, was established in the early 1990s. Located in Suches, a lazy north Georgia backwoods crossroads, the business catered only to motorcycle riders. The location is at the intersection of GA 60 and GA 180, both exciting pieces of asphalt and part of the southern loop of Six Gap.
But in 2013 TWO reopened as Two Wheels of Suches. There have been many upgrades and renovations to both the lodge and campgrounds. They have even paved the old gravel parking lot.